Luxor is one of the greatest open-air museums in the world. It's divided by the Nile into two banks, the East Bank, and the West Bank. In Ancient Egyptian mythology, setting the sun to the west is the symbol of the death and rising the sun from the east is the symbol of the life. That's why they buried the dead bodies inside tombs on the west bank and built their temples on the east bank. On Luxor's East bank you will find the most impressive and famous temples in Egypt, Karnak, and Luxor Temples. And on the West Bank of Luxor, there are the Valley of the Kings and Queens, the Hatshepsut's Temple, the Colossi of Memnon, the Workers Village, and the Temple of Medinet Habu. Below you will find the historical information about Luxor top attractions and best things to do in Luxor.


Important Sites


Luxor Temple

Construction work on the temple began during the reign of Amenhotep III in the 14th century BC. Horemheb and Tutankhamun added columns, statues, and friezes, and Akhenaten had earlier obliterated his father's cartouches and installed a shrine to the Aten. However, the only major expansion effort took place under Ramses II some 100 years after the first stones were put in place. Luxor is thus unique among the main Egyptian temple complexes in having only two pharaohs leave their mark on its architectural structure.


Karnak Temple

This vast temple complex in Luxor is dedicated primarily to Amun and dates from as early as 2000 BC. It is an impressive sight, and second only to the Great Pyramids in popularity.


The Ramesseum

This is the mortuary temple of Pharaoh Ramses II, who ruled for 67 years during the 13th century BC, the apogee of Ancient Egypt's power and glory.


Medinet Habu

Erected around 1180 BC, this is the Mortuary Temple of Ramses III, a huge complex second only to Karnak in size and better preserved. It has a huge pylon and many reliefs, plus an older temple by Hatshepsut.


Memnon Colossi

The first main sight across the Nile from Luxor are these two massive stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III. For 3,400 years, they have guarded his mortuary temple.



For the Ancient Egyptians, Abydos was one of the holiest sites in the world. It was the cult center of the god Osiris and gateway to the underworld (believed to lie under the nearby hills) and therefore many people made pilgrimages here or were brought here for burial after death.