Aswan

 

Aswan

 

Aswan is located in the south of Egypt. Because of the city’s strategic position, on the trade route linking between Egypt and the southern lands in the ancient world, the city's had the name "Soun" which means "the Market" in the ancient Egyptian words. Aswan offers a splendid view of the Nile and is a great starting point for a Nile cruise trip. Moreover, you'll be surprised to see how many attractions and sites this small city has to offer. Aswan is considered as a favorite winter destination in Egypt. Below you will find the top things to do in Aswan and Aswan top attractions.

 

Important Sites

 

The High Dam

The dam was a necessity because the population was increasing and it was sure that Egypt's agriculture resources wouldn't meet the future demand. The construction of the dam took 11 years from 1960 to 1971. The dam made one of the longest artificial lakes in the world 'Nasser Lake' behind it. The village of Nubia was relocated somewhere else. An international appeal was launched through UNESCO to salvage the threatened monuments. Among those monuments are Abu Simbel temples, Philae Island, and Kalabsha.

   

Philae Temple

The Egyptian island of Philae was the center for worship of the goddess Isis and attracted pilgrims from all over the ancient world. The original island is now completely submerged under the waters of Lake Nasser. But in a spectacular rescue operation, the great temples and monuments of Philae were pulled out of the water and re-erected on a nearby island (Agilika Island), now renamed Philae.

   

The Unfinished Obelisk

The obelisk lies in the northern quarries about one kilometer south of Aswan City. The quarries were the prime source of stone and granite for all Egypt including those used in building the Giza pyramids. The obelisk lies attached to the ground at one side. The obelisk would have been the longest standing obelisk if it were finished. However, the Egyptian miners discovered a structural flaw that couldn't be neglected. The monument is very important because it shed much light over ancient Egyptians' quarrying techniques.

   

The Double Temple of Sobek and Haroeris

The temple is the main attraction of Kom Ombo. It is a fine example of the Ptolemaic era and is located directly on the riverbank in a fine picturesque scene. Being so close to the river, the temple was subject to water erosion until the Egyptian government put stone reinforcements to prevent further deterioration of the temple. The temple itself is unique in design. Everything is finely doubled to equally serve the two deities of the temple: Sobek, the crocodile-headed god in the right side of the temple, and Horus the elder in the left side.

   

The Temple of Horus in Edfu

The Temple of Horus in Edfu (also known as the Temple of Edfu) is considered the best-preserved cult temple in Egypt. It was built in the Ptolemaic era from 237 to 57 BC.

   

Abu Simbel Temples

Is an archaeological site comprising two massive rock temples in southern Egypt along the Nile about 290 km southwest of Aswan. It is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of "Nubian Monuments" which run from Abu Simbel downriver to Philae. The Great Temple of Ramses II at Abu Simbel consists of four seated colossal statues of Ramses II carved into the mountain, forming one of the boldest temple facades in the world. It is aligned so the sun's rays travel through the mountain and illuminate Ramses' sanctuary twice a year: on October 22 and February 22. The second temple (the smaller) is dedicated to Nefertari, Ramses II favourite wife.

   

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